Red yeast rice (RYR) extract is a traditional Chinese medicine for cholesterol lowering. It also been used as a food coloring, additive, and preservative . RYR contains more than 10 different monocolins from most effective for cholesterol lowering is Monacolin K. RYR is an effective and safe agent for improving lipid profile. RYR has been demonstrated to not only improve lipid metabolism, but it can also reduce blood pressure, and may possess anti-inflammatory, antidiabetic, anticancer, and osteogenic properties .
European Food Safety Authority investigated and confirmed a beneficial effect of Monacolin K on lipid spectrum .
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